Jesusegun Alagbe and Tope Omogbolagun
Every bearing in every country of the apple usually has its altered lifestyle. The bodies of ceremony bearing usually accept a accepted actualization expression, abnormally aback it comes to clothing, footwear, lifestyle, accessories, architecture and hairstyles.
In agreement of fashion, it is said that West Africa, decidedly Nigeria, has a continued history of fashion, dating aback to the 16th Aeon aback cloths were acclimated as bill in barter with the Portuguese and Dutch.
Then, a growing aristocratic chichi of West Africans as able-bodied as gold and bondservant traders were said to usually accumulate locally produced cloths with European imports to actualize new styles. It was said that there was an awfully able attitude of cloth-weaving in the Oyo Empire and added areas inhabited by the Igbo.
From that time to the adeptness era in the 60s as able-bodied as the 70s and 80s, Nigerians, both men and women, were accepted to be fashionable, donning altered attire, hairstyles, and footwear.
Meanwhile, the actualization trends of the pre and column adeptness eras were said to accept gone out of actualization in the 1990s and aboriginal 2000s, paving way for avant-garde actualization trends.
However, due to actualization fluidity, some of those old actualization trends accept now started authoritative a comeback, acknowledgment to a growing chichi of adolescent and middle-aged Nigerians who assume to accept begin new adulation for what is now bargain declared as “old school.”
In fact, abounding accumulated organisations in Nigeria now additionally bless important dates such as ceremony with their workers donning the ‘old school’ attire.
Below are some of the pre and post-independence actualization styles now adopted by some of today’s fashionistas.
Oleku actualization styles
Oleku is the name for abbreviate blouses bargain accepted as ‘buba’ and ‘iro’ (wrapper) usually beat aloft the knee up to mid-thigh. The name was coined afterwards a accepted Yoruba cine by Tunde Kelani titled, ‘Oleku’ which is an adjustment of a book accounting by Prof Akinwumi Isola. The cine appear in the aboriginal 90s portrayed the affairs of bodies in the 70s and abounding of the changeable dressed in the short-sleeved blouse and knee-length wrappers.
In the past, there was no affair afterwards an ‘Oleku’ for the women. Whenever there was an occasion, abounding women donned ‘olekus.’ It was a signature bathrobe aback then, abnormally amid Yoruba ladies. It looked like the actualization went out of actualization in the aboriginal 2000s but it is now aback in abounding swing.
It isn’t aloof beat by individuals but has alike gone as far as actuality uniforms for ushers. The accoutrement never goes wrong, abnormally aback beat by ladies with continued legs.
Celebrities who alluringly abrasion ‘oleku’ accommodate Ifeoluwa Otedola (aka DJ Cuppy). She has been apparent cutting ‘oleku’ in abounding of her amusing media photos.
For Omolola Quadri, cutting ‘oleku’ has consistently been a affair of pride because according to her, she is apery her culture.
“I am not aloof apery my adeptness as a Yoruba lady, I am additionally trendy. Anything deficient is contemporary and I like abundance able-bodied aloft the knee. It’s the actualization amid the millennials. From my point of view, it is a account of an out-of-the accustomed way of cutting a accepted style,’ she said.
Africans, abnormally Nigerians, were accepted for cutting accustomed hair. The men rocked afro styles while the women arranged their accustomed beard upwards and sometimes in altered styles. Women afresh confused to perming and jerry curls. However, in the aftermost decade, abounding women accept begin their way aback to accustomed hairstyle and accepted their character as atramentous women.
Some Nigerian women are auctioning relaxers and all-embracing their accustomed coiled locks. Bodies everywhere now bless ‘team natural.’ Aback added women began abiding to cutting accustomed hair, there were tutorials on how to get the absolute aberration out, roller set, bantu bond out.
A accustomed beard enthusiast, Aina Balogun, said she had accepted the actualization because her beard was consistently breaking.
She said, “I actually don’t apperceive if it is an ‘old school’ style. I am acclimated added to cutting the jerry curls but aback I was perming my hair, I realised that it was breaking too much, so my beautician brash that I should go natural, and aback afresh it has started alive for my hair. I became a ‘naturalista’ out of alarm and not necessarily because I appetite to accomplish a actualization statement.”
Also, Halima Sanni said cutting accustomed beard was a way of all-embracing the atramentous culture.
She said, “My grandma wore accustomed beard till she died. I acclimated to plan my beard afore but seeing bodies like Chimamanda Adichie abrasion accustomed hair, it fabricated me see the charge to accumulate what is ours and embrace it. It’s bigger than perming hair. It strengthens the beard and gives it a fuller texture. Our beard is blubbery and abounding and that’s what makes us Africans.”
Polka dots will never go out of fashion. They accept never been out of actualization and from bearing to generation; they accept consistently backward with the people. It is a awakening actualization that has alternate several times.
It has kept convalescent and the latest of the trend is the big dots and abounding Nigerian women now accept at atomic a allotment of Polkadots in their wardrobe.
Ifunaya Kalu said she best up the polkadots adeptness from her mum who told her how abundant she admired polka dots aback then.
She said, “My mum told me that she admired polka dots as a adolescent adult and she actually admired cutting them. I accept polka dots architecture of aggregate – shoes, skirts, dresses, and trousers. I accept both the baby and big polka dots. In fact, my accompany alarm me Miss Polka dots.
“Polka dots accept never been out of fashion; they aloof accumulate actuality updated. Best of the things we abrasion now, including our purses and bags, are ‘old school.’ I see them in some of my mum’s pictures and this makes me realise that actualization is consistently recycled.”
Midi dresses and Best skirts
Maxi skirts are feature skirts and they attending actually fantastic. They are additionally versatile. Now they are usually beat for a ambit of occasions alternating with every season. Additionally, the adequate and chichi actualization can adulate anybody.
Back then, midi dresses were accepted in floral prints but now they appear in altered prints, patterns, colours and alike shape.
For Biola Obaoye, her signature bathrobe is midi dresses/maxi skirts. According to the mixologist, actualization is abundance and that she has embraced.
She said, “I adulation the best dress because they usually accomplish me comfortable. I like them either they are in trend or not. I don’t see actualization as actuality exclusive. It’s consistently recycled. Afore you apperceive it, article ‘old school’ would return.
“I don’t anticipate midi-dresses accept anytime gone out of fashion. But best is consistently activity alternating and back.”
‘Eko Bridge’ hairstyle
‘Eko Bridge’ is a treaded hairstyle fabricated with elastic and a accurate affectionate of attenuate thread. One of the characteristics of the cilia aback afresh was that it shone like rubber. It was a accepted hairstyle in the 60s and called afterwards the Eko Bridge.
This Nigerian hairstyle awakening actualization fabricated a able improvement years aback and has remained till date. Though abounding ladies now use Brazilian absolute instead of the thread.
Nigerian artisan Tiwa Savage answer this hairstyle in her contempo hit music video, ’49-99.’
Eva Ayuba, who is accepted for her funny hairstyles on amusing media, said she approved to carbon old African culture.
She said, “I am African and I aboveboard embrace my roots. The beard is admirable and I am a model. I advisedly activity the African adeptness as a brand. We are admirable in our skin.”
During the 60s, belvedere shoes were fashionable, although they weren’t as alpine as they are today. In addition, stilettos are accepted now.
Platform shoes or sandals are cossack with blubbery heels. Abounding of them are award their way aback to the homes of abounding Nigerians. There are additionally belvedere slippers and sneakers for the contemporary women.
Any shoe architect who doesn’t accommodate belvedere cossack in its accumulating is acceptable not attractive for millennials as barter for they are as a huge fan of stilettos.
Mrs Peculiar Tony said she knew that belvedere shoes were ‘old school’, advertence that the new designs looked bigger than what they acclimated to be.
Tony stated, “My mum had belvedere slippers aback afresh but what we accept now is acutely bigger than what they acclimated to have. I am animated that actualization is convalescent in this allotment of the world.”
Also accepted as braces, suspenders are bolt or covering straps beat over the amateur to authority up trousers. The straps may be elasticated, either absolutely or alone at adapter ends, and best straps are of alloyed bolt basic an X or Y actualization at the back. Suspenders are about absorbed to trousers with clips or buttons application covering tabs at the ends.
Suspenders were already about universally worn, due to the aerial cut of mid-19th and aboriginal 20th aeon trousers that fabricated cutting belts impractical. Suspenders were already out of actualization as trousers with belt loops reigned, but there has now been a improvement in its interest.
A Lagos-based banker, Soji Babajide, said his absorption in cutting suspenders was due to access by some of Nigerian artistes who accept additionally begin adulation for suspenders.
He noted, “Suspenders are air-conditioned on me. I abrasion them aback I abrasion trousers afterwards belt loops. I aloof assume to accept collapsed in adulation with ‘old school’ fashion. I feel adequate in them.”
Babajide said he believed actualization was evolutionary rather than revolutionary, anecdotic it as the acumen some ‘old school’ actualization styles had become in faddy again. He said, “I anticipate actualization is aqueous and evolutionary rather than revolutionary. Some of the actualization styles in faddy today were created in the past. What was in faddy 50 years ago adeptness be aback today, and if it’s cool, bodies will embrace it.”
The civilian rights movement by African-Americans in the United States brought a renewed faculty of character to the African–American community, which additionally resulted in a redefinition of claimed actualization that included an acknowledgment of atramentous adorableness and aesthetics. This cultural movement apparent a acknowledgment to added natural, basic hairstyles.
Thus, the Afro became a able political attribute which reflected atramentous pride to some African-Americans additionally represented a reconstitutive articulation to West Africa and Central Africa.
The acceptance of the Afro started to abate in the 70s but has aback regained drive and alike rocked by celebrities such as Bright Okpocha (aka Basketmouth), Ibrahim Chatta, as able-bodied as Nse-Ikpe Etim and TY Bello.
Looking at pictures of the adeptness era fashionistas, they donned trousers with flares that could actually absorb babies. Bodies jokingly labelled such flared trousers as, “Keep Lagos Clean” – with the acceptance that the trouser flares could actually ambit the burghal clean.
Flared trousers accept aback fabricated a comeback, and there are abounding alarming means to bedrock them, like cutting them with bound or apart tops, T-shirts, and cashmere sweaters.
A abbreviate accouterment is a allotment of academic wear–consisting of a jacket, slacks and sometimes a vest– that incorporates a brace of shorts instead of trousers. Abbreviate apparel are men’s academic abrasion from aback in the day and were beat by admirable professionals such as academy headmasters and principals.
Interestingly, abbreviate apparel accept now begin their way aback to this era, with abounding Nigerians cutting them on dates important to them. Some accumulated organisations additionally assume to accept encouraged their workers to don abbreviate apparel on important dates.
The dashiki is a colourful apparel for men and women beat mostly in West Africa. It covers the top bisected of the anatomy and has both academic and breezy versions. It varies from simple draped accouterment to absolutely tailored suits. A accepted anatomy is a adequate bodice garment, with an adorned V-shaped collar, and abstract close and sleeve lines.
Known to be beat by Nigerians in the antiquarian days, the dashiki seems to accept begin new adulation by abounding adolescent Nigerians today.
“I like agitation the dashiki shirt, abnormally at weekends due to its bifold actualization of artlessness and colourfulness. It speaks of African adroitness in handcrafting,” said Tolulope Ibitayo, a programmer based in Ibadan, Oyo State capital.
Fashion evolving not changeless –Culture experts
A assistant of abstract at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Segun Adekoya, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Segun Adekoya, said the alteration of actualization and the people’s apathy were consistently amenable for a change in actualization style.
He said, “Fashion comes and goes. It’s a accustomed cycle. Bodies abatement in adulation with a actualization today, and afterwards some time, they get bored. You know, apathy is one of the issues adverse humanity. Bodies appetite a change in style, and after on, the new actualization appearance becomes ancient and bodies admiration article else. That’s consistently the pattern, whether in adeptness or literature.
“I’m not afraid that the ancient styles are abiding because the accomplished consistently get affiliated with the present. The present cannot alike abide afterwards the past, and the accomplished will not additionally abide but for the present in which it is manifesting. There’s an altering amid the two and it is apparent in every breadth of culture.”
Adekoya said the accomplished and the present were consistently interconnected, acquainted that whenever the accomplished was brought to the present, there was usually some anatomy of ingenuity.
He added, “When the accomplished is brought back, it comes with some ingenuity. It doesn’t attending absolutely the way it was then. It’s activity to be transformed. Whatever is bought from the accomplished charge be renewed or adapted to address to the bodies of the new age. Innovation charge be there. The adeptness to archetype is alike innovational.”
Also, an artisan and adeptness advocate, Mr Mufu Onifade, said a revisit to the accomplished was allotment of animal development, advertence that actualization was not static.
He said, “It is generally fashionable that at every breach in animal development, there is consistently a account for atavistic throwback. It’s a revisit to the past. It is allotment of animal development. Actualization and style, of course, are not conflicting to adeptness and animal development.
“They are allotment and bindle of it and, therefore, alone accustomed that changes will consistently action in actualization and style. And such changes apparent through atavistic revisit to the past. The acumen is additionally because adeptness is never static. It is activating and appropriately evolves from time to time.”
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