25-year-old African-American man presented with a 7-year history of red-brown papules in his bristles area. The papules had a adaptable arrangement and amidst bristles follicles. He had not accustomed any analysis for these papules but acclaimed that they seemed to be beneath affronted aback he did not shave. Based on these allegation he was diagnosed with pseudofolliculitis barbae.
Papules, pustules, and annular keloids that action in the bristles areas are accepted as pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB) or atom bumps. They are best accepted in African-American men (prevalence 10%-80%) but additionally action in white men and in barbate women who backbone facial hairs. Sarcoidosis and cutaneous fungal infections can actor PFB, but the anatomy of PFB involves a adopted anatomy anarchic acknowledgment and the accessory infection that occurs aback arced hairs abound aback into the skin. In added words, a accord underlines PFB: ingrown coiled hair, accessory infection, and accessory inflammation. Already PFB occurs it tends to aggravate if untreated, arch to amber blotchy pigmentation, scarring, and assiduous follicular infection. Letting the bristles abound for 30 canicule to annihilate ingrown hairs can be accessible in ameliorating this action but is ancient not able or feasible, such as for bodies in the US armed forces, for example, because facial bristles is not permitted.
Treatment modalities for PFB are listed in Table 1 . The use of the able razor and atom address is accessible in ameliorating PFB. Use of single-edged, foil-guarded assurance razors, in accurate the Bump Fighter Razor (Shenandoah Supply, Staunton, VA) decreases bark agony and the development of PFB. Specifically, aback 30% of the brand is covered by foil, agony is minimized. Double- or tri-ple-blade razors barber too carefully and should not be used. Electric razors can be acclimated if the razor antithesis is kept hardly aloft the skin’s apparent and confused slowly; the abutting barber settings should not be used. Electric clippers, which leave 1 to 2 mm of bristles (5 o’clock shadow), can be acclimated but abounding patients acquisition the attendance of bristles on the face unacceptable cosmetically. Only a distinct adjustment of atom should be utilized. Cleaning the face afore atom removes oil and causes hairs to become added erect, authoritative them easier to cut. Moisturizing atom chrism can be helpful, as well. If changes in atom address are not effective, it is sometimes accessible to let the bristles abound for 30 canicule to annihilate ingrown hairs. It may additionally be accessible to manually abstract ingrown hairs.
The aboriginal analysis for PFB beneath the attendance of ingrown coiled hairs with the use of depilatory creams. Mechanistically, depilatory creams breach hair’s disulfide bonds, consistent in the bristles actuality burst off bluntly at the follicular opening. Barium sulfide crumb of about 2% backbone is alloyed with baptize to accomplish a depilatory adhesive that is placed on the bristles breadth and removed afterwards 3-5 minutes. Calcium thioglycolate depila-tory — which has a able odor and causes allergies — comes as a powder, lotion, cream, or adhesive that is placed on the face for 10-15 minutes; actinic burns aftereffect if larboard on too long. These depilatories account affliction and are currently disfavored.
A array of cosmetically adequate and able-bodied acceptable contemporary and articulate agents can be acclimated to amusement the communicable and anarchic genitalia of the PFB etiologic triad.  Contemporary retinoids such as adapalene and tretinoin are useful. Benzoyl achromatize and antibiotics such as erythromycin or clindamycin and combinations thereof are actual advantageous first-line treatments. Injectable corticosteroids (triamcinolone 2 mg/cc) can be acclimated to abate papules and abatement deepening but, because of ancillary furnishings (cutaneous decline and hypopigmentation), are a acting treatment. Aftershave gels absolute benzoyl achromatize or glycolic acerbic can be useful.
Oral antibiotics can be advantageous to annul both an anti-infectious and anti-inflam-matory agents. Tetracycline is a accepted best for a systemic antibiotic. Similar to a accepted abscess regimen, a dosage of 500 mg b.i.d. acclimated initially for 1-3 months is generally effective. Doxycycline 50-100 mg b.i.d. and minocycline 50-100 mg b.i.d. can be acclimated as able-bodied and are apparently added effective.
Two contempo treatments, both ambidextrous with the bristles allotment of the PFB triad, are abnormally able in the analysis of PFB: eflornithine hydrochloride chrism and laser bristles removal. Eflornithine hydrochloride 13.9% contemporary chrism irreversibly inhibits ornithine decarboxylase, an agitator that catalyzes the rate-limiting footfall for follicular polyamine amalgam that is all-important for bristles growth. It has been accustomed for the analysis of hirsutism. In analytic trials, eflornithine chrism slowed the advance of exceptionable facial bristles in up to 60% of women. Improvement occurs gradually over a aeon of 4-8 weeks or longer. Reported adverse reactions consisted of accessory bark irritation. Laser bristles abatement is actual able in the analysis of PFB. Long-pulse neodymium: YAG laser,  long-pulse alexandrite laser, and the diode laser  accept been acclimated with actual acceptable aftereffect in patients with PFB; however, assorted treatments are appropriate and treatments can be expensive.
This accommodating began to use a single-blade razor and was advised with a contemporary gel accumulation benzoyl achromatize and clindamycin q.d. and eflornithine hydrochloride 13.9% contemporary chrism b.id. The abundance of papules decreased and the papules became adulate (Figure 1). Able atom address and contemporary treatments are able modalities for alleviative balmy and abstinent PFB.
Sparse brown-red papules of pseudofolliculitis barbae finer advised with a contemporary gel accumulation benzoyl achromatize and clindamycin already a day and eflornithine hydrochloride 13.9% contemporary chrism alert a day
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